Person-Centered Planning (PCP) was first developed in the 1980s by a few people, including John O’Brien, Connie Lyle O’Brien, Beth Mount, Jack Pearpoint, Marsha Forest, and Michael Smull. It was developed to enable people – children and adults – to move out of special segregated places, schools, hospitals, and institutions into mainstream life – schools, and communities. Person-Centered Planning is built on the values of inclusion and looks at what support a person needs to be included and involved in their community.
Many Person-Centered planning approaches are used to support individuals in making decisions and creating plans that reflect their unique preferences, goals, and aspirations. Person-centered planning emphasizes individuals' voice, autonomy, and self-determination in shaping their lives. There are a variety of Person-Centered planning models, for example, Wrap-Around, RENEW, PATH, MAPS, Essential Lifestyle Planning, Personal Futures Planning, and Circles of Support.
In the HS Person-Centered Planning training we offer at MWPBIS, we will use the foundational components of High-Fidelity Wraparound (based on ten principals and done in four phases) and add options for using the PATH and MAP models to increase engagement with high school-aged youth. This approach will provide options for the tier 3 intervention facilitator and the high school youth while staying true to the ten principles of Wrap Around and maintaining the fidelity of the PATH and MAP processes. Ultimately, this training approach will allow facilitators to increase the individualization of the tier-three intervention process with each youth.