Tier 2 Cohort
Systems & CICO
Capacity Building Sequence
Who Should Participate
Tier 2 Teams-Teams should be composed of administrators, teachers, clinicians, support staff, and other stakeholders interested in improving school climate, supporting all students and staff and continuous improvement. (Maximum of 12 team members).
This capacity building model is suitable if you are implementing Tier I PBIS with fidelity as measured by TFI, SAS, etc. and are preparing to install and/or improve installation of Tier 2.
What is included in the model?
Training/Reboot Training is 12 hours total held over three days. The training supports development or improvement of necessary components of Tier 2 installation, while confirming necessary components of Tier 1 implementation. Action plans are developed based on current context with progress towards high fidelity implementation.
Communities of Practice- Similar schools will participate in ongoing facilitated communities of practice to monitor benchmarks of implementation, engage in ongoing problem solving, and technical assistance to support deepening implementation as they interact.(7 meetings)
Individualized Technical Assistance- In addition to communities of practice which will focus on ongoing needs of the school cohorts, individualized technical assistance will be provided to focus on individual needs of the school community. (3 TA Events)
Why should we participate?
While initial training helps support teams in understanding and/or improving their knowledge and capacity related to Tier 2 installation, teams that receive ongoing support increase the likelihood of high fidelity implementation. As schools encounter setbacks, have questions, need support, systems have been established to support the team in problem solving, capacity building and delivering on action planning while continuously measuring outcomes.
We know the strong positive correlation between behavior problems and low academic achievement (Gest & Gest, 2005; Landrum et al., 2003)
We know that behavior problems can cause disruption in academic engagement. As a result, students may display lower levels of academic achievement due to a lack of engagement compared to students in a highly engaged class showing fewer behavior difficulties (Caldwell, Darling,Payne, & Dowdy,1999).
We know that the PBIS framework is supported by research spanning decades (Center on PBIS, 2020). Study after study confirms the positive impact these systems and practices have on improving student outcomes. The evaluation brief, "Is School-wide Positive Behavior Support an Evidence-based Practice?” (Horner, Sugai, & Lewis, 2020) and the article "Examining the Evidence Base for School-wide Positive Behavior Support” (Horner, Sugai, & Anderson, 2010)3 each lay out some of the research and provide additional resources to explore the topic further.
We know that ongoing job embedded professional development is necessary to provide educators with the skills, time and feedback necessary to implement new practices(Joyce and Showers, 2002; Darling-Hammond, 2012). Quality of teaching is the strongest school-based factor that can improve student learning and achievement (Hanushek, 2011; Nye, Konstantopoulos, and Hedges, 2004; Rivkin, Hanushek, and Kain, 2005). School Leadership is second only to teaching among school-based factors that have been shown to positively impact student achievement, and this factor is especially effective in traditionally underserved schools (Leithwood, Seashore Louis, Anderson, and Wahlstrom, 2004).
Day 1 - Tier 2 Systems & Teaming
- Overview of Tier 2 Systems
- Critical Features
- Team Composition
- Team Operating Procedures
Activities & Tools
Day 2 - Developing CICO & Monitoring Student Progress
- Level of Use
- Practices Matched to Student Need
- Developing CICO
- Data Decision Rules for entrance, progress monitoring and exit
Day 3 - Modified CICO, Professional Development & Monitoring Overall Implementation
- Modified CICO
- Professional Development
- Evaluation: Monitoring Fidelity and Action Planning